Santorini history, history of Santorini Island Greece

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The tours we offer

 

 

Before you see the private tours we offer, it is important to know that we can customize the tour based on what you want to see. As every person is different so can be the tour that you will choose. All you have to do, is to take a look below, see what we suggest and then send us an email with the places you wish to see...that simple!
 

Places we suggest:

 

Who can we accommodate:

Everybody! We can accommodate from 1 person to groups! We have at your disposal taxi, mini-vans, buses and a crew of well trained drivers and guides that are locals and share the same love as mine for this unforgettable island! Everybody is welcome and I will personally make sure that this tour will be a tour you will never forget!

 

 

Destination: Santorini private tours - Description of Santorini Island-History

 
 

Santorini (Greek Σαντορίνη) is a small, circular group of volcanic islands located in the Aegean Sea, about 200 km south-east from the mainland of Greece (latitude: 36.40°N - longitude: 25.40°E). It is also known by the name of the largest island in the archipelago, Thira or Thera (Θήρα;  It is the southernmost member of the Cycladic group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km² (28 sq mi), and in 2001 had an estimated population of 13,600. The inhabitants are citizens of Greece and speak Greek.

It is the most active volcanic centre in the Aegean Arc, though what remains today is largely a caldera. The name Santorini was given to it by the Venetians in the 13th century and is a reference to Saint Irene. Before then it was called Kallisti, Strongili or Thera.

The island was the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions of the last several thousand years when it erupted cataclysmically about 3,500 years ago. The eruption left a large caldera surrounded by ash deposits hundreds of feet deep, and its effects may have indirectly led to the collapse of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete, 70 km to the south.

 
 

Santorini

Surfing Through History

 

Archaeological discoveries suggest that the first appearance of man on the island dates back to the Neolithic Period.

Early Bronze Age. Santorini followed the cultural evolution which took place in the rest of Cyclades Islands. Marble vases , pottery and marble figurines have been found. All these find belong to the Early Cycladic civilization.

Middle Bronze Age. Santorini entered the so-called Middle Cycladic civilization. An important ancient city seems to have existed at the south of the island near Akrotiri. The close relations with Crete are proved by the influence on the pottery and painting which were found by archaeologists.

About 1550 BC. It is believed that the island Strongyle (rounded), was shattered and its remaining fragments constituted Thera, Therasia and Aspronisi. Tidal waves washed the shores of the surrounding islands and Crete. The eruption is estimated to have been four times more powerful than that of Krakatoa in 1883. Its repercussions within the Aegean area were terrific. The sinking of Strongyle is frequently identified with the submergence of the mythical Atlantis. Earthquakes destroyed everything. Upon the ruins was founded the Late Minoan City of Acrotiri, a new urban society. One or more rooms in each house were decorated with wall-paintings featuring naturalistic landscapes or animals or humans. This city is now coming to light and promises to greatly extend archeological knowledge. The lay-out of the city resembles the present-day villages of Santorini. One can visit the Ancient city of Acrotiri and walk through its streets.

About 1500 BC. At Akrotiri a society existed which can be characterized as urban. It seems that this society was a mixture of Cretans (Minoans) and local Cycladic people.

About 1450 BC. Eruption of the volcano.

Abt 1330 BC. According to Herodotos, Phoenicians came and settled in Kalliste. They stayed there for five generations. This information has been neither verified nor rejected by archaeologists.

About 1115 BC. The island became a Lacedaemonian colony. It was completely isolated from the outside world and entered a long "dark age". By that time the island was named Thera after Theras.

Abt 825 BC. The Phoenician alphabet was imported to Thera, Milos and Crete and so the Hellenic language acquired its alphabet.

Archaic period (7th and 6th centuries BC). Thera was in close contact with Crete, Paros, Attica, Corinth, Rhodes and Ionia. The relations were rather superficial. The conservative Therian society was not easily influenced. The fertile soil covered the needs of the local people who avoided maritime adventures. As a result the Classical period of ancient Hellas did not leave any particular characteristics in Thera.

Hellinistic period (300-145 BC). The island's strategic position was especially esteemed by the Ptolemies. Thus, Thera became an important naval base from which the successors of Alexander the Great launched their campaigns for dominion over the Aegean.

197 BC. Eruption of the volcano.

19 AD. Eruption of the volcano.

46 AD. Eruption of the volcano

726 AD. Eruption of the volcano.

1204 AD. The Fourth Crusade created the Latin Empire of the Bosphorus.

1207 AD. The Duchy of Naxos of the Archipelago was founded and assigned to Marco I Sanudo. Thera was ceded as a Barony to Giacomo Barozzi. The administration remained in the hands of five generations of Barozzis until 1296. The Barozzis used to call themselves "Dominatores insularum Santorini et Therasia".

1296 AD. The Byzantine Likarios liberated Santorini along with the islands of Amorgos, Seriphos, Kea, Ios, Siphnos and Pholegandros.. However the newly-won freedom was very short lived and before the year was out the Barozzis had returned to Santorini.

During the next years the history of the island is the history of the rivalries between local lords and the Duke of Naxos or disputes between the latter and the Turks.

1570 or 1573 AD. Eruption of the volcano.

1579-1821 AD. Turkish occupation

1650 AD. Eruption of the volcano (26th Sept - 6 Dec)

1707 AD. Eruption of the volcano (23rd May - 17th Jan 1708)

1821 AD. Santorini is liberated.

1866-1870 AD Eruption of the volcano.

1870 AD. Mamet and Gorceix carried out a trial excavation in Akrotiri where a late Minoan settlement exists.

1899 AD. Robert Zahn carried out minor excavations at the site of Potamos (Akrotiri)

1925 AD 11th Aug - 1926 AD 21st May. Eruption of the volcano

1928 AD. Eruption of the volcano (23rd Jan - 17th Mar)

1939 AD End Aug - 1941 Beg July. Eruption of the volcano

1950 AD. Eruption of the volcano (10th Jan - 2nd Feb)

1967 AD. Professor Marinatos begun excavations at Akrotiri and uncovers a Late Minoan settlement.

Today An island which can be described as a paradise for tourists and archaeologists.




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